SGA Measuring Sprawl and Its Impacts: The Character and Consequences of Metropolitan Expansion

This rigorous, peer-reviewed study is the first to develop a consistent method for defining and measuring the development pattern referred to as “sprawl” and its impact on residents’ lives. The study amassed an unprecedented database of measures of residential density, a mix of jobs, shops, and housing, the street network, and the presence or absence of strong centers of activity. Metropolitan areas across the country were scored and ranked, and various lifestyle and transportation factors were related to local sprawl levels.

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